What are ferrous metals?
Metals containing iron such as steel and iron alloys such as stainless steel.
- Mild Steel – lowest carbon content of 0.1 to .3% and iron content of 99.7 – 99.9%. Used commonly for engineering and non-specialized products.
- Carbon Steel – higher carbon content of 0.6 – 1.4% and iron content of 98.6 – 99.4%. Used to manufacture cutting tools such as drill bits and knives.
- Stainless Steel – or corrosion-resistant steel, consists of iron, nickel and chromium. Used commonly for cutlery and surgical instrumentation.
- Cast Iron – carbon content of 2 – 6% and iron content of 94 – 98%. Very strong steel but brittle. Commonly used to manufacture claw-foot bathtubs, patio furniture, engine blocks and manhole covers.
- Wrought Iron – almost 100% iron. Commonly used for railings, gates and fencing.